Rail and road

Transport infrastructure - roads and railway systems - are frequently built in areas where the soil is highly compressible, such as swamps, marshes or areas near watercourses. In such cases, substantial consolidation work is required to avoid shear failure of the fill used to build the structure. This type of project requires simultaneous management of multiple sites along the alignment and can often involve the use of a variety of solutions to meet the wide-ranging geotechnical conditions and specific constraints of the terrain. To ensure the long-term integrity of the infrastructure and the safety of the vehicles using it, it is essential that these areas are “over-consolidated” to reduce settlement due to primary settlements, creep and to limit differential settlement. For engineering structures built along the alignment, backfill generates very high loads associated with strict settlement limitations. These critical areas generally require even more extensive treatment and careful management of the interfaces.

Viaducts, flyovers and overpasses, bridge approach, footbridges, bridge abutments, box culvert underpasses

Railways embankments, tramways, railways stations

Roads and Highways
Roads and highways embankments, slope stabilisation



The Ring Express road joins the existing 3-city Bypass (Gdańsk, Sopot and Gdynia) and the Highway A1 (Gdańsk – Katowice) in the North of Poland.

Ground conditions

This area had extremely bad soils conditions for road construction. There was very organic soil (peat and sludge) with high water content index. The thickness of weak deposits varied from 6 to 25 m with average depth of 12 m.


Two ground improvement methods were proposed: Controlled Modulus Columns and pre-consolidation treatments using vertical drain with surcharge. This solution fulfilled the technical and economical requirement of the investor.

Key facts

  • 6 to 25 mDepth

  • Vertical drains & Controlled Modulus Columns

  • 11 Month

Some projects' references of...
Rail and road