Menard developed Controlled Modulus Columns in the 1990s to overcome problems of lateral confinement in highly compressible and organic soils. They are now used in all types of soil (cohesive or granular) up to depths of 30 metres or more.

Presentation and key elements

What are CMC rigid inclusions and why do we use them?

Controlled Modulus Columns (CMC), also called rigid inclusions, are a ground improvement technique. They are used to control and reduce settlement and increase bearing capacity in soft or loose soils. They are an economical alternative to traditional deep foundation solutions and in most cases, can prove to be beneficial for the global design of the overlying structure.

Basic principle of CMC rigid inclusions

The increase of bearing capacity and settlement reduction are achieved through the reinforcement of the soft or loose soil layers using rigid inclusions. The scheme details a load sharing system combining the existing soil capacity and the stiffer rigid inclusions to ensure compliance with project specifications.

Execution of CMC rigid inclusions

Rigid inclusions are executed through a simple and efficient process with or without soil displacement by low-pressure injection (generally up to 2 bars) of a grout or concrete through the hollow core of the drilling tool. These columns generally have a diameter of between 250 and 500 mm.

CMC techniques for soil

Q&A on Controlled Modulus Columns

Groundwater is no obstacle. We can build CMCs rigid inclusions where groundwater is present.

Our teams take extra care in this situation. The design is adapted accordingly in cases where the water flow through the soil is high.

Our company systematically controls cut-off to ensure the quality of the works. Cancelling risk of damage is our goal. This is why we systematically carry out earthworks according to best practices.

Our CMC projects